Music of the Classical era

Classical music grew out of the Baroque period, so it is similar but not quite the same.
Classical music contains fewer ornaments than Baroque music. The pieces are balanced, often having equal four-bar phrases split into a two-bar question and a two-bar answer.
Classical composers still wrote in binary, ternary, rondo and variation forms, but also came up with a new structure called sonata form
The dynamics are more subtle, using crescendos and diminuendos, not just changing suddenly.

There were some new instruments as well: the piano was invented around 1700, and he clarinet was invented about this time too


The Orchestra

During the Classical period, the harpsichord was still used, but as the orchestra grew and came to include a standard woodwind and brass section, the harpsichord became redundant and gradually feel out of use. Its chordal support was taken over by the woodwind section.

At the start of the Classical period, the orchestra was still small - strings plus two horns with either flutes or oboes. However, it soon began to grow with the addition of the wind instruments complete with the bass instrument of the family - the bassoon. By the end of the 18th century, the newly invented clarinet joined the woodwind ranks. The brass section used two trumpets and two horns with percussion provided by the timpani drums.