Romantic era

The 19th century was the age of the Romanticism. Music was influenced by other acts forms that dealt with the expression of intense but ordinary human emotions such as love, grief, joy, death and the beauty to be found in the natural world. Artists such as Turner painted landscapes that depicted both the beauty and the ruggedness of the natural world. Writers such as Lord Byron, William Wordsworth and Percy Bysshe Shelley compared human emotions and feelings with dramatic scenes from nature in their works. 


Romantic composers strove for freedom in order to write expressive music that responded to a wide range of emotions and also to nature. Beethoven's Symphony No. 6 (Pastoral) depicts a scene from nature in each movement. The elements of magic, mystery and the supernatural were also explored in Romantic art forms. Composers often wrote programmatic works that told a story through the music.